Magnesium is an essential element and mineral in the body. The major benefit of magnesium is muscle functioning and the intake of magnesium is very much required for the normal metabolisms. However, it could be extremely dangerous if the intake of this mineral exceeds the limit. Generally, Kidney plays a vital role in maintaining the Magnesium level in the body. The excess of magnesium gets filtered out. But majorly due to Kidney impairment and excess intake of Magnesium, body suffers from a unique and rare disease. The disease is called Magnesium Overdose. It is often referred as Magnesium Toxicity or Hypermagnesaemia. The overdose of Magnesium may cause several damages to the body like breathing problems, walking problems and others and unawareness of HyperMagnesaemia may even become life threatening.
Source and Causes of Magnesium Overdose:
Generally fruit or vegetables have an adequate amount of Magnesium. However, it is very much unlikely to have Magnesium Overdose due to the intake of food. The most common source of Magnesium is pills or medicines. Generally, the laxative or antacids have ample amount of magnesium. Over using the medicines, may increase the level of the mineral of the body. The slight overdose generally gets cured by the Kidney functioning, but for Kidney impaired people, Magnesium Overdose is very common and even slight increase of the mineral in the body may cause several damages. Kidney counters the minerals in the body and keeps out all the excessive material. Any malfunctioning of Kidney may become fatal for life.
Symptoms of Magnesium Overdose:
The symptoms of Magnesium Overdose generally differ according the toxic level in the body. The most common symptom is diarrhea. Often, after the consumption of laxative, diarrhea follows; the major reason of it is overdose of Magnesium.
There are other symptoms also that are very common in case of moderate level of increase of Magnesium in the body.
- Abdominal Pain: Abdominal Pain and Cramping is another common symptom with swelling, distention and bloating.
- Weakness: Muscle functioning gets hampered by the overdose and causes Muscle weakness. There is another symptom that can be easily identified and also frequent for overdose issue, Nausea. This is a different feeling that may create Sea sickness, Car Sickness, and even stomach gets upset.
But if the Magnesium amount increases to an alarming level in the body, the symptoms are dangerous and it can become life threatening.
Pain: Severe Pelvic and Lower Back Pain is one of the most reported symptoms of excessive Magnesium in the body.
Tremendous Weakness: The tremendous weakness due to muscle functionality causes balance problem in the body. People even cannot walk and often falls down while walking. Chest Pain, confusion, frequent blackouts and fainting are very common with the increasing level of Magnesium. With the increasing amount of the mineral, the problems become more severe.
Slowly and gradually, Magnesium Overdose creates irregular heartbeats and even breathing problems.
Treatment of Magnesium Overdose
The treatment of Magnesium Overdose purely depends upon the level of the mineral in the body.
For light overdose of the Magnesium in the body, doctors generally advises, injection of Calcium Chloride or Calcium Gluconate. These two fights with the magnesium and decreases the level rapidly in the body. However, if the level has increased beyond the control, then Intravenous fluids like IV fluids are pushed in to decrease the level.
For extremely high overdose, it might become life threatening. So, the treatments are also regulated according to the needs. The patient may very well put into an artificial life support to support the breathing system. Renal Dialysis is carried out in order to counter the kidney impairment. Treatment of Kidney may become very important in case of the disease because Kidney malfunction is the most common reason for the disease. In extreme conditions doctor may advise Gastric Lavage that is commonly called as the Stomach Pumping.
Apart from doctors may take required decision in order to fight the Magnesium Overdose.
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